The Zone today is almost completely closed ecological system. The presence, parameters, and specifics of the territory radiation contamination are a unique source of information. Radioecology research in the Zone is focused on the radionuclide accumulation mechanisms and the chains of their migration in the biological environment, signs of the influence of ionizing radiation on biological objects, determination of parameters and conditions for biosphere-wide propagation of the radioactive materials. Today, the Zone is a one-of-a-kind experimental area for all kinds of radioecology research.
Radioecology research directions:
- Systematization and analysis of the knowledge gained over the 30 years of dealing with the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident.
- Monitoring of radioactive contamination status and dynamics.
- Development and experimental exploitation of dosimetry equipment.
- Assessment of the Chernobyl accident liquidation activities and measures, as well as the long-term effects of the disaster on the environment.
- Finding safe solutions, technologies, and tools for improvement of radioactive waste storage and disposal facilities.
The results of radioecological research in the exclusion zone can minimize the effects of industrial disasters on the environment, as well as increase the efficiency of radio-ecological monitoring systems.